Knotted Weaving

Knotted weaving is an ancient form of weaving that produces one of the finest forms rugs on the planet called Oriental Rugs. It is also one of the most popular forms of the craft that is used to produce things like tents and saddle-bags while a number of other creations including cushions, wall and door hangings, saddle covers and more. It remains one of the most popular forms of weaving in the global market and if you have been in the weaving hobby for a while now, then knotted weaving is a great way to take things forward.

Knotted weaving involves the formation of a "pile", which is basically created by taking smaller segments of each kind of yarn and putting it firmly onto a couple of wraps. These yarn segments need to be extremely tight around the warp, as seen in various examples created by Asian or North African weavers. These craftsmen tend to take the loose end of the yarn and wrap them into single knots.

Before the next knot, the yarn is cut and that's what makes the Oriental Rug different from the European or American rugs that are known as flossa rugs or rya pile rugs. Basically, each row of knots has a weft or two that has been inserted into the equation and tightly wrapped around the threads. How well you are able to take on this process determines how flexible or thick or durable this structure will be.

Varieties of Knotted Weaving

There are two main kinds of knotted weaves and these weaves are differentiated on the basis of the direction in which the yarn comes from. The first kind, which is asymmetrical knotted weaving, allows a lot of detail and is, therefore, used primarily on the Persian Rug. Although each yarn segment completely envelopes two warp-threads, they only encircle one of them at one time, completely. Basically, one of the two warp threads are closely wrapped by the yarn and as a result, it looks, and is, asymmetrical.

These are extremely common when you look at Indian or Central Asian works while even the Chinese are known to use the asymmetrical format quite regularly. The reason for its popularity is simply the fact that alternate warp wrapping allows for a tighter structure and, therefore, a more intricate design. There is a massively stiff weft and a fine weft, each of which is used alternatively to bind the weft tightly. The sequence of wrapping is, of course, up to the individual or the technique that they are using and three-weft patterns are also quite common, creating a denser structure.

Symmetrical knotted weaving is all about tightly packing in the right and left warp threads together, in each binding motion. Instead of wrapping only the left or the right, both need to be taken care of together and that causes a symmetrical pattern with each weft thread coming from either side, with their ends coming out together, between the warps. This is, once again, a tight format for working and the Turkish style is known to employ this format.

These rugs are much sturdier in terms of structure although their design isn't as intricate as that produced by the asymmetrical knotted weaving technique.

Other Knotted Weaving Techniques

Smaller or more isolated areas have taken these two forms of knotted weaving and given it their own smaller twists, every now and then. Places like Tibet and Morocco have come up with Tuft Rugs where warps aren't wrapped up completely while the back of the rug is always painted with adhesive to keep the pile of yarns, at the back, secure. There are a number of other forms of knotted weaving such as the Persian Bijar style, where the difference between it and the regular form of Persian rugs is that these symmetrical instead of the usual asymmetrical style associated with the region.

The best way to figure out what you are working on or working with is all about counting the knots that you have on the rug. You can determine the style or the place where the rug belongs to based on this characteristic feature of these rugs. Caucasian rugs, for example, will have black outlines that run vertically along the sides. Some rugs have narrower design elements that allow them to have two nodules at the back. Depending on the depression of the threads, the kind of wraps around the warps and other such details, there are plenty of different kinds of knotted weaving patterns on rugs and as a hobbyist, this side of knotted weaving really holds no bounds.

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