Diy Plumbing Guide
DIY plumbing guides often focus on one particular aspect of plumbing, to help do-it-yourself enthusiasts tackle emergencies or irritating leaks, for example. A DIY plumbing guide might also focus on the kitchen or bathroom, or perhaps the installation of sanitary ware or appliances. This DIY plumbing guide aims to give you a brief, but informative overview of plumbing in general, so that you will feel confident enough to learn more about plumbing and tackle a full range of DIY plumbing projects.
Remember that plumbing relates directly to our health and hygiene and it is a vital aspect of our homes. There are also stringent regulations worldwide that govern plumbing installations. But as a competent and knowledgeable handyman - or woman - you can do a lot of plumbing jobs ranging from fixing leaking taps to installing new sanitary ware.
Basically plumbing involves water supply, drainage and the removal of waste water and sewage. For this we need a system of pipes and drains and the various fixtures and fittings that will make them work.
The water we get in our homes comes from rivers, lakes and from the ground. Dams and reservoirs are built to store water that the authorities then channel to our homes and other buildings. Once the water has been treated, so that it is safe to drink, it is channeled into some type of water reticulation system that consists of a network of underground pipes. From here it is usually pumped to a reservoir or water tower that is high up - because we need pressure to keep the water moving in the pipes.
Once we have a source of water, we use taps and valves to control and stop the flow of water to various points in hot and cold water systems. We fit taps to water pipes at points where we want to draw water from the pipes, so that we can use water in our baths, basins, sinks and showers. When we turn on the tap we get water! It's as simple as that.
The Terminology of a DIY Plumbing Guide
There are various different types of taps, including bib taps that we use on water storage tanks and on the outside of buildings, and pillar taps that we often use in kitchen and bathrooms. We also use mixer units which have a cold and a hat water tap, but only one spout - because the water is mixed in the unit.
On the other hand, we use valves to control the water in our pipes, and to reduce the high pressure in our pipes.
One type of valve is a stopcock. Although stopcocks look like taps without spouts, they are in fact one-way valves. We use them so that water will flow in only one direction through high-pressure cold water pipes. We also use them before a water-supply inlet, where the water flows into some kind of tank, including hot water cylinders and toilet cisterns. And we use them in both the hot and cold water supply pipes that take water to showers.
Several valves are also used to control the water in our toilets or WCs (water closets). For example, float valves control the water level in our cisterns, and flush valves may be used instead of cisterns. Toilet flush valves are like vacuum breakers, as are urinal flush valves.
Then we use pressure-reducing valves to reduce the pressure at the water mains so that we can use it. We also use pressure-reducing valves to control the pressure of the cold water that goes to our hot water cylinders. We use non-return valves on water supply pipes where we have to pump the water upwards. These valves stop the water from running back and causing pressure on the pump we are using to pump the water.
We also use air release and vent valves to get rid of air from a pipe system or from a hot water cylinder. Air pockets in pipes can cause airlocks, and airlocks prevent the flow of water in the pipe. Don't ever forget that any air that builds up or accumulates in a sealed geyser or hot water cylinder will be subject to tremendous expansion and it could cause the cylinder to burst.
The best advice is to familiarize yourself with your own plumbing system; make sure you have the right tools for the job; and to always refer to some sort of DIY plumbing guide.