Wood Carving Styles & Patterns

Wood carving styles & patterns are key elements of this hobby that give it diverse characteristics that make it so exciting and unique. There is no one way or technique behind wood carving and everyone can get their own wood carving styles & patterns working for them. The popularity of a hobby is directly linked to its customizability and in those terms, wood carving allows you to choose custom tools, patterns, styles and techniques to create custom-finished work.

There are many different styles and picking one is just about experimenting one form, then another, in a bid to find the best way to make your hobby the most interesting it can be for you.

Chip Carving in Wood Carving

Chip carving is one of the many wood carving styles & patterns that uses the exact same tools but follows a different technique. Using a carving knife, a regular knife or a chisel, chip carvers take away small chips or slices of wood from a flat piece. The style was originally used in metal work where animal shapes were created to catch the light and reflect it. However, there are some who claim that it was chip carving on wood that went into the metal-world, rather than the other way ‘round.

Also known as spoon carving for the way chips of wood are scooped out after being chipped off, this art form uses a number of free- or geometric-patterns. The best part about chip carving is that along with the free-form style, its tools can be as simple as you want them to be, while the specialist-tools can also be used with other wood carving styles & patterns.

Relief Carving in Wood Carving

One of the most popular forms of carving and also used in many other forms of craft, like sculpting, relief carving involves following a technique similar to chip carving although the format is slightly different. Instead of chipping away in free-form or in a geometric pattern, you make a pattern on paper and transfer it onto the wooden plank. Once the pattern has been transferred, you need to cut away or remove the wood around the pattern using, once again, a chipping knife or a chisel.

Finally, once the entire shape has been carved out, you finish up by adding detail to the object and applying the kind of finish you want on it. There are different kinds of styles within relief carving but they have mostly to do with the depth of the piece of work. You have low, bas, deep and pierced relief, which basically range from 0.5 inch deep cuts to going all the way through the wood.

Scandinavian Flat-Panel Wood Carving

Amongst wood carving styles & patterns, the Scandinavian flat-panel style involves a large flat plane of wood and a carving knife. The shapes of this form of craft are quite round in curvature and are not too detailed. There is very little usage of sand-paper to finish the project which results tool-usage marks being left behind on the carvings. This is a deliberate act and lends its unique character to the design and technique.

Utility Spoons and more

One of the most common and widely followed wood carving styles & patterns is that of making wooden spoons. Normally made as a utility item, these wooden spoons were meant to be used as spoons. However, the fact that wood can be carved into interesting shapes gives this segment, or pattern, a unique twist. Love spoons are some of the most common forms of wooden spoons that are carved out of a single plank of wood.

You take a thick plank and while one end is like the scoop of a regular spoon, the handle of the spoon is filled with a number of symbols such as "heart-shapes" or "love-locks". Although even this variety of spoons was originally used as a regular spoon, the complexity of the shapes became a reason for their sale as decorative items or gifts, even.

Treens in Wood Carving

A Treen is basically anything and everything that is small, carved out of wood and has some form of utility. Wooden plates or bowls are considered as Treens while clocks or furniture or cupboards are not. There are snuff boxes or agricultural implements that are also considered as Treens and are extremely popular amongst modern wood carvers as well as collectors. These Treens are extremely detailed and look beautiful, and making them is as much fun as finding one in a flea market or an antique store.

The best parts of wood carving styles & patterns lie in the way they are still a part of the hobby today as they were, centuries ago, when they were conceived. The hobby of wood carving would have certainly been a lesser pleasure without the influences and freedom of an individual's touch. There are as many wood carving styles & patterns as there are people practicing the hobby, which is what makes it one of the most unique and interesting ways to spend time!

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