Soap Making Instructions
Finding the right kind of soap making instructions can be the turning point for anyone interested in the hobby of making soap. Whether you are making soap just for fun or planning to get into soap making commercially, you will always find that the starting point of every hobby lies in the soap making instructions that you start following and, later, you can fine-tune those instructions based on where you live, the kind of equipment you have, and also the process that you follow along the way.
Soap Making Materials & Instructions
The first things that you need and cannot indulge in soap making without are the lye, the water you need and also the oils that will help you get the kind of consistency and texture you want in your soap, along with cleaning power. However, there are a lot of other things that you need to carry out soap making instructions. These include rubber gloves and protective goggles to keep your hands and eyes safe from the lye, which can be corrosive on your skin.
You need large bowls to mix your lye. They need to be made of plastic or stainless steel or even glass. Lye tends to eat through aluminium or tin or wood, or even thin plastic, so make sure the materials you use do not react negatively to contact with lye. Then, you will also need a whole set of mixing spoons in, effectively, the same material that you use for the bowls or something similar. If you are looking to save some time and get through the process quicker, why not try out one of the many hand-held blenders or stick blenders you get in stores? They can certainly quicken the process of mixing things together.
You will need a weighing scale to measure your liquids to perfection while a good set of candy thermometers will help you monitor the temperature of the liquids. Then, you need the moulds for your soap to rest in and that would complete your list of essential items that you need to indulge in soap making. There are, along with these, some other things like the cloth rags or towels you might need to clean up or even extra newspaper to help you sort out the mess quicker.
Soap Making Instructions: Measuring Ingredients
One of the key things about soap making is that it is a chemical process, which means everything needs to be measured to perfection. You cannot put in wrong ratios because the right ingredient in incorrect proportion will not only lead to a disastrous result, you will also waste all the materials that were used in the process. The worst thing usually happens is that the wrong ratios will result in the formation of bad quality soap or, in some scenarios, may not form soap at all. Measuring what you use, in each attempt, will help you connect the ratio of your ingredients to the final result.
Not only will this allow you to know what the bet formula is for you to make soap, it will also give you the kind of knowledge you need to know how each ingredient affects your overall final product. That way, you can increase or decrease the ratio of one or more ingredients to control the outcome better. To do this, you need some simple equipment like a kitchen scale and a candy thermometer. You need the kitchen scale to measure the amount of oil, water and lye you are using while the candy thermometers will help you keep track of the temperatures. The oil-mixture and lye-water mixture need to be combined only when they are at the same, appropriate, temperature.
Alternately, you can use a web-service called "Lye Calculator", that allows you to add ingredients in the correct amount and if you make adjustments to any one of the ingredients, it will automatically tell you how much of the other ingredients you will need to maintain the original ratio of ingredients.
Soap Making Instructions: Combining and Storage
The final part, once you have all the ingredients in the right proportions, is to make sure that everything mixes perfectly. This means, you need to add the lye and water together and, then, add the oils to it in what is called the cold process. In the hot process, you take that lye water mixture and heat it to 110 degrees before heating the oil up, carefully, to that same temperature and mixing them together.
Hot process is, effectively, a quicker way of carrying out the cold process and essentially, both these processes work in exactly the same way.
Once you have the mixture, you need to put it away in storage areas that are cool and dry. Put the soap-mixture into a mould and let it set. Once the soap is set and can be pulled out of the mixture, a process that normally takes a few days, you can take it out of the mould, cut it into the shape you want and put it to rest in the same cool, dry area. Finally, after a few weeks, your soap should be ready to use.
Soap making instructions are guidelines and shouldn't be taken as a rule. If you ask then-different soap makers about the best technique, you are likely to find ten-different answers. All you need to do is pick the set of soap making instructions that you like the most and then, work towards finding the right way of going about tweaking it till you get the right results!