Language planning as the name suggests involves influencing the behavior of others with the help of language. In a bid to modernize and standardize language, aiding nation building, language planning plays a key role. There are many bodies which have been set to regulate this, and if your interest lies in this field then reading up about them, and the work they do is a good idea. Joining an organization is not necessary for conducting language planning at micro levels. Even small groups can conduct language planning to decrease divide within their community.
Language planning is divided into three categories:
The first category aims at creating a base for the language where new words, grammar rules are created with the aim of making them available to the people. The end result of language planning being the same, to standardize the language. At times this also involves new writing techniques being created.
Sometimes to create the aforementioned standardization for languages, linguists and the governing bodies pay more attention to some languages or dialects than the other prevalent ones. This process helps to elevate and create a status for the concerned language. This is known as status planning.
Spreading a language is the most important aspect of language acquisition. Many educational institutions are set up to obtain the desired results. We often come across institutions set up to teach foreign languages, all these are helping in acquisition planning. The language being spread here may not necessarily be the native language of the region, could be a second language as well.
The concept of language planning has lead to a lot of controversies. The changes under this concept will need many documents to be re-written, also new standards introduced need to be adopted, this will require a lot of work, and a more futuristic approach will give positive results. If you are looking to take language planning up as a hobby, then being prepared for hard work and rejection is important, perseverance and a good plan should set you up. Language planning processes, a book by Joan Rubin, should give some insight into the procedure involved and also teach you some basics.