Japanese calligraphy, also known as, "Shodou", is a traditional form of calligraphy based on the Japanese language. Japanese calligraphy is a very popular form of art and is practiced by most Japanese, irrespective of their age. In fact, Japanese calligraphy is even a part of the school curriculum in Japan. The history of Japanese calligraphy leads us somewhere between the 6th to the 8th century, when a master named Wang Xizhi first introduced the form of Chinese calligraphy in Japan. Japanese calligraphy has come a long way to establish its identity as a separate form of art, moving away from the influence of Chinese calligraphy.
The major tools required for Japanese Calligraphy are brushes, paper, inksticks and an inkstone. Originally, a Japanese calligraphy brush was usually made from the hairs of animals such as wolf, weasel, squirrel, though today, it is usually made from the hairs of animals like cats, dogs, horses, goats and deer. You must be careful while choosing your brush as it plays a major role in controlling the tone and the thickness of characters in your writing. Mulberry paper, known for its soft texture, is mostly preferred in Japanese calligraphy. The ink used for Japanese calligraphy comes in the form of an inkstick made out of soot, oil smoke and some adhesive substance. In order to get ink from the inkstick, you need to pour water in the inkstone and then grind the ink stick against it. You can easily buy these tools from a stationary shop or any popular online shopping website.
Now, that you are familiar with the various tools used in Japanese calligraphy, you need to learn about the three basic writing styles in Japanese Calligraphy, which are:
Kaisho, meaning "correct writing" is a clear and simple style of writing where strokes are made to create forms, which require few movements of the brush. At the beginning, you can start by practicing this style as it is the simplest and will help you familiarize yourself with the brush as well.
Gyousho, meaning "travelling writing", is a style of writing which is less stiff than Kaisho. It has a semi-cursive style and if you are familiar with English cursive writing, you will find Gyousho simple to learn. This style creates a flow of rounded letters, which gives you a feeling of continuity.
Sousho, which means "grass writing", is the most popular form of writing Japanese calligraphy. This style has a swift, flowing style and you will be awed to notice that your brush rarely leaves the paper resulting in beautiful and graceful writing.
Now, that we have covered the basic tools and styles of Japanese calligraphy, you are all set to go ahead with your hobby. You can refer various websites on Japanese calligraphy to get more ideas on the styles of writing Japanese calligraphy. You can also get a hold of a couple of books such as, "Sho Japanese Calligraphy: An In-Depth Introduction to the Art of Writing Characters" by Christopher J. Earnshaw and "An Introduction to Japanese Kanji Calligraphy" by Kunii Takezaki. Joining hobby clubs practicing Japanese calligraphy, will also provide you with immense information on good practices and new styles, emerging in Japanese calligraphy.