How To Knit Patterns

It is important to learn how to knit patterns if you are looking to take up the craft as a hobby or profession. A knitting pattern is nothing but a series of stitches placed together in a particular sequence. Every pattern has its own sequence and every sequence involves its own set of stitches. As you keep adding your loops, you keep pulling one through another to create a tight-knit pattern, leading to a garment that's beautiful to look at as well as quite strong and sturdy.

There are two basic ways of knitting patterns to create a garment - by hand or by machine. Using a machine is quite simple because everything almost happens on its own. However, there are plenty of techniques that are needed if you plan to do this with your hands. Choosing the yarn, picking the needles and picking the patterns is very important in learning how to knit patterns.

The Knitting History

In the earliest days, during the 1st century AD, the Egyptians learnt how to knit patterns and began making, of all things, cotton socks. Only men were known to take up the profession at the time, which was slowly turning into a full-fledged industry. The skill of knowing how to knit patterns was passed down from generation to generation, and changes or improvements were added in for better designs and prettier garments.

Since the 19th century, knitting has become something of a hobby because of the Industrial Revolution coming in and changing the way the world looks at the hobby.

Learning How to Knit Patterns

One of the most interesting knitting patterns is the kind that involves adding a stitch to existing stitches, thereby creating more stitches or increasing the numbers. There are three basic increasing stitch patterns in this form of knitting and each one is instrumental in making your patterns come alive. An increasing stitch is used to add volume and stability to the knitting pattern and is a repetition of the stitches that have already been used.

Three-Way Show

In the increasing variety concept, the first style is where you add a stitch between two existing stitches. This creates an invisible stitch that is usually used in the middle of a row of stitches. It is also used a number of increasing stitches are needed. To make this version of the increasing stitch, you need to raise the stitch that you just put in, as well as the next stitch, and place them onto the left needle. That's when you need to put in a knit or a purl into the back of the loop.

The second technique is to start at the front of the stitch and move towards the back by, either, incrementing on each stitch or adding one to the next stitch. When used towards the beginning or the end of a row of stitches, it adds a lot more strength and is popularly used when trying to shape the sleeve of a garment. Learning how to knit patterns like this is simple - just knit the first stitch into the front, as normal, and slip it off the needle. Repeat the same into the back of the stitch and voila!

Finally, you can learn how to leave a visible hole in a pattern, especially when creating lacy patterns. After knitting a stitch, you need to bring the yarn out to the front and over the right needle before putting in the second stitch. That gives you the yarn forward increase method or the third pattern.


To know how to knit patterns effectively, the most important thing for you to keep in mind is the tension of the stitching pattern or the number of stitches you have in a particular unit area of the garment. For e.g. if you are using a 4mm needle, then you need to get about 30 rows, with 22 stitches each, over a 10cm square area. This density of stitches within an area is known as the "tension" of the garment.

Irrespective of the kind of stitch you are working with, you need to ensure that the tension is absolutely spot-on! This is, in most cases, even more important than the size of the needle used to achieve that tension. Whether using a stock stitch or using a pattern, you need to work a multiple number of stitches in the same was as those required on the pattern. No matter what technique you implement for the stitch, you need to ensure that there is space for two stitches, to the right and left, of each stitch.

This kind of technique is very important to observe when learning how to stitch patterns because it gives you the ability to improve what you have done and create something that's worth all the time you are spending on it.

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