Crochet stitches are classified on the basis of difficulty, style and their usage. An enthusiast needs to go through all the levels of difficulty to finally declare him/her an expert in crocheting. Moreover, since the prevalence of crochet stitches in the 19th century, there has been evolution in the types of stitches thus, giving birth to old as well as contemporary crochet stitches. The basic crochet stitches, which are popularly used, are single crochet, double and treble crochet stitch, chain stitch and slip stitch. There are other fancier crochet stitches as well, such as filet, space, block, waffle and picot stitch.
The Techniques of different Crochet Stitches
You can learn about the techniques of different crochet stitches from online tutorials, books and magazines. Online tutorials pictorially explain how to create particular stitches and give specifications such as the number of loops to be made. You can easily practice the various stitches by consistently following the instructions provided by the tutorials. There are many books on crochet, which are categorized according to your level of experience. You can even subscribe to magazines on crochet, to know about new crochet stitches and also about the latest exhibitions and hobby club events based on crochet. The tutorials, books as well as magazines are often accompanied by projects, which you can go through to test and improve your crocheting skills.
To begin with crocheting, you need to create a loop at an end of the thread and then pull the complete yarn through the loop. So, the major aspect of crocheting, which differentiates it from knitting, is that there should be only one active loop at any given time. All the stitches are based on this common technique with slight variations regarding the number of loops and the processes. You need to tighten a loop on the hook by pulling the shorter ends, then draw the thread through this loop and continue this process to create a chain stitch of desired length. To create a single crochet stitch, after creating chain stitches of considerable length, insert the hook through the second chain stitch from the end of the hook and turn the craft over and pass the thread through both the loops of the hook and thus, continue with the stitch. In case of double crochet, you need to pass through the fourth chain instead of the second as in single crochet and in case of treble crochet stitch, the thread has to be taken twice over the hook. To create a slip stitch, you have to insert the hook in your next stitch, turn it over and then pass it through both the loops on the hook. You can start practicing these basic stitches and then move onto fancier stitches.
Now, that you know about a few of the basic stitches, gather the basic tools of crocheting such as hooks and thread. You can choose among cotton, wool, synthetic and jute thread, and for hooks, you have to choose among wood, steel, aluminium and plastic. If you are going for fine cotton or wool threads, choose steel hooks. Further, you need to buy wooden hooks for heavy wool and jute threads, and aluminium and plastic hooks if you are using synthetic thread.
You can search the internet for tutorials and e-books to learn the various crochet stitches. You can also seek help from blogs written by enthusiasts and discuss the techniques of crocheting. In addition, search for a hobby club practicing crocheting and visit some of their sessions to learn more about crochet stitches.