Adhesion In Wood Carving

The process of using adhesion in wood carving is one of the key ways to get things to stick together. Wood is generally considered as something that we use nails to stick together. However, the moment you start dealing with smaller pieces of delicately carved wood, nails are no longer an option. You need to use adhesion in wood carving and keep things as delicate but strong as possible because even the smallest elements require the ability to be handled slightly roughly.

Adhesion in wood carving has been around since the days of the Egyptians, when the first bonded wood came out. However, the process of bonding paper and wood goes back even further. It is one thing to know about the chemical principles of adhesives, in general, but how they affect wood and its characteristics is a whole different world. The science of adhesion is not limited to the world of the chemical or glue being used - the material being used also plays as large a role as the adhesive. The best situation is where the adhesive bonds are stronger than the parts of the structure itself - which means that the pieces of wood should be more likely to break off into pieces than the joint coming loose.

Steps to Adhesion in Wood Carving

In wood carving, or in general, there are three basic steps that define how you need to go about the process of adhesion in wood carving. These steps include the various elements that are going to be combined together, along with the adhesive being used for the process. The first step is to prepare the surfaces that are going to be joined together. Cleaning dust off is the most important bit but the main concept is that the two surfaces that you want to be in contact with each other, should be the two surfaces in contact.

There should be nothing in the way of the two surfaces and this can be brought about by including either a chemical process or a mechanical process, depending on what is required and what you are experienced in carrying out. Without the knowledge of surface chemistry in wood and morphology, you might find it harder to get adhesion in wood carving right.

The second part of the process involves applying the adhesive to every single part of the surface. The greater the surface area you manage to cover with the adhesive, the better contact you will make with that surface. Molecular bonding is essential at most levels and this involves developing close contact with the adhesive. This is also the reason why adhesives are mostly in liquid format, thereby allowing you them to reach every nook and cranny on the surface.

Finally, we get to the part where the surface has to be set. You've prepped the surfaces for adhesion, applied the adhesive and now, you've managed to put them together. All you need to do is hold them in that position, allowing the adhesive to change its physical state and become a lot stronger. Pressure needs to be applied to the surface at this point but that also depends on the kind of adhesive you are using in that scenario.

The Strengthening Process

For an adhesive to become strong or the bond that holds your pieces of wood together, you need to use the right kind of steps in the third phase. Some adhesives are hot when you pour them onto the surface but as they cool down, they become harder. There are organic polymers, such as glues, that can be used to connect two surfaces while inorganic polymer, like soldering metal, is also used for the process.

The loss of solvent also causes glues to become harder. Many glues are water or solvent based, which make it easy for us to apply them to the surface. As this liquid gets soaked up by the surface or evaporates, it becomes harder and the bond becomes stronger. The final variety is where there is more than one kind of polymer, which are combined to create the kind of adhesives required to complete the process. This includes two-part glues or superglues, where the strengthening begins at a molecular level and results in an extremely strong hold on the issue.

Adhesion in wood carving is limited to the latter two techniques - loss of solvent (or water) or polymerization. There are some wood adhesives that utilize both these characteristics to produce that solid bond you are looking for and the true test, of course, comes from time. Expansion and contraction of the adhesive and the surfaces or the structures has to be withstood and once you have that, you would have understood all there is to know about adhesion in wood carving. All you need to do, next, is to start implementing what you have learnt and you will be good to go!

Other Great Hobbies

Graded Watercolour Wash

DIY Toilet Fixes

Shaolin Kung Fu

Canterbury RC Models